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In 2016 one of the Polish cities will bear the title of European Capital of Culture

European Capital Of Culture 2016

The idea was conceived on 13 May 1985 at the meeting of the European Council of Ministers of Culture. It was introduced by the Greek Minister of Culture Melina Mercouri. The European Capital of Culture was designed to bring the nations of Europe closer together.

Owing to the many visitors it has attracted, the project has since gone from strength to strength among European citizens. It should be emphasized that the title has a remarkable cultural and socio-economic impact. The ECC project has been a very prestigious undertaking, which would bring enormous benefits to the winner city. In the long-term perspective it contributed to tourism, enhanced promotion of the cities by making them more recognizable in Europe, and had a positive impact on development of their infrastructure.

Since introduction of the project, it has undergone many changes inspired by the wish to make its procedures more democratic and to generate free competition of cities in the contest to win the EEC title.

Since 31 December 2006 the legal basis of the ECC has been set out in decision no. 1622/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 2006 establishing a Community action for the European Capital of Culture event for the years 2007 to 2019. It defines, inter alia, the order of Member States to host the EEC and the selection procedure.

Member States will be invited to host the European Capital of Culture project on a rotating basis agreed upon with other Member States to 2019 in the following order:

Rok

Kraj

Kraj

2008

United Kingdom

Norway

2009

Austria

Lithuania

2010

Germany

Hungary

2011

Finland

Estonia

2012

Portugal

Slovenia

2013

France

Slovakia

2014

Sweden

Latvia

2015

Belgium

Czech Republic

2016

Spain

Poland

2017

Denmark

Cyprus

2018

Netherlands

Malta

2019

Italy

Bulgaria

 

The decision envisages 2 procedures for selection of the EEC, i.e. the transitional procedures for 2011 and 2012 and the other one starting from 2013. The transitional procedure had to be considered because of preparations launched by some cities long ago in compliance with the old procedure. Under this Article, Member States submitted their nominations of one or more cities, and possibly also recommendations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the Committee of the Regions. Finally, government of the Member State designated for a given year would send a letter to the European institutions informing about the selection of its candidate.

European Capitals of Culture designated from 2013 will be covered by the completely new procedures.

Under the procedure in force from 2013 not the States will decide about selection of a city, but the EU institutions, however, with active participation of the Member State. The Council of the European Union, acting on the European Parliament's opinion and justifications based on the reports of the selection panels shall officially designate the cities in question as European Capitals of Culture.
According to the rules, the EU-Member State to host the EEC actively participates in selecting the winner city. The State, customarily represented by the Minister of Culture, announces the start of the contest, sets the selection timetable, and prepares information and organization meetings for cities interested in the title. It is also responsible for appointment of the 13-people selection panel, consisting of six national experts and seven experts nominated by the European institutions. Finally, at the end of the selection process, the State concerned informs EU institutions about the candidate selected by the jury to be designated for EEC.

 

broszura

ECC 2016 Information Brochure